Medical Emergencies &
At some time in your life you or a
loved one will have a medical emergency.
Do you know what to do if someone is badly injured or suddenly becomes sick?
should. Just knowing how to call for help in an emergency can help save a life.
Take a few moments to read this information. Share it with your family and
friends. Know how to make the right call-
EMS IN EMERGENCIES ONLY
you think someone is badly hurt or suddenly sick and in danger, call EMS
immediately. EMS stands for emergency medical services. One call connects you
with a whole emergency medical team- technicians, paramedics, physicians and
nurses who are especially trained to handle these situations.
EMS when you think someone's life is threatened, when someone faints or
collapses, has persistent chest pain or difficulty breathing, or is badly
injured. If you are not sure if it is an emergency, do call EMS.
CALL EMS FOR NON-EMERGENCIES
to a doctor's appointment, getting a scraped knee bandaged or filling a prescription
to not require professional EMS assistance. Calling EMS in non-emergencies
does tie up the system and make it harder for EMS personnel to do their job
responding to serious emergencies. Again,
if you are not sure if it's an emergency, do call EMS.
KNOW YOUR LOCAL EMERGENCY
You may know your local Emergency Medical Services
a the ambulance service, the rescue squad, the fire department, the
paramedics, or 9-1-1. What's important is to know how to contact them.
In communities with a 9-1-1 system, simply dialing
9-1-1 in an emergency connects you to EMS, the police and fire
WHEN TO CALL AN AMBULANCE
When should you call an ambulance instead of
driving to the emergency department? Ask yourself the following
Is the victim's condition
Could the victim's condition worsen and become
life-threatening on the way to the hospital?
Does moving the victim need the skills or
equipment of paramedics or emergency medical technicians?
Would the distance or traffic conditions cause
a delay in getting the victim to the hospital?
If the answer to any of these questions is yes, or if you
are unsure, it's best to call an ambulance. This is even true though you can
sometimes get to the hospital faster by driving than by calling an ambulance.
Paramedics and emergency medical technicians communicate with the physician in
the emergency department by radio. they are trained to begin medical treatment on
the way to the hospital. This prevents any delay that should occur if the
patient is driven to the emergency department. The ambulance can also
alert the emergency department of the patient's condition in advance.
If you live in a community with a single emergency number,
call for help is easy. Just dial 9-1-1. If your community does not have the
9-1-1 emergency number, keep the numbers of the fire, police, and emergency
medical services near your telephone. When you call for help, speak calmly and
clearly. Give your name, the address, phone number, location of the victim (such
as upstairs in the bedroom) and the nature of the problem. Don't hang up until
the emergency operator tells you to. They may also need additional
information or to give you instructions.
Information on when to call an ambulance
provided by the American College of Emergency Physicians
KNOW WHAT TO SAY
The information you give the emergency dispatch
operator helps EMS help you.
Stay calm, speak clearly, and stay on the phone
until the emergency operator tells you to hang up.
Tell the emergency dispatch operator where to
find the person needing emergency care, who is hurt or sick, and what happened.
The emergency operator will also need to know what condition the victim is in
and if any help is being given.
Give the exact location of the emergency. Point
out any landmarks- nearby intersections, bridges, buildings- that will help the
police and ambulance driver find you. And leave your name, address, and
telephone number in case the emergency operator needs to get back in touch with
KNOW WHAT TO DO UNTIL HELP ARRIVES
You've called for help. The ambulance is on the
way. What do you do while you wait?
If the emergency operator gives you specific
instructions, remember them and carry them out. Don't move someone who is
injured unless they are in danger. Do try to keep them as warm as possible. If
someone else is with you, send them to meet the police and ambulance. Make it
easy for the police and ambulance driver to spot you by turning on a porch light
or marking your location with a flare or bright cloth if you are outside.
MEET THE EMS TEAM
Emergency Dispatch Operators answer emergency
calls, obtain the who what and where information, and send help on the way.
Emergency Medical Technicians or EMT's, have
various levels of training. Some EMT's drive the ambulance, assist with
rescues, and perform basic emergency care. Other EMT's are emergency
dispatch operators who send ambulances and emergency vehicles to the
are EMT's with the highest level
of training. They perform medical procedures at the scene of the
emergency or in the ambulance on the way to the hospital. Using a radio
to communicate, paramedics often get instructions from physicians.
are specially trained to
help and treat emergency patients. They are the first contact at the
emergency room, they meet the ambulance, get the patients medical information
and arrange for the doctor to see the patient.
Emergency Physicians are doctors who specialize in
treating people who are seriously injured or who have become sick and very
suddenly, such as heart attack victims.
Fire in the United States
The U.S. has one of the highest fire death rates
in the industrialized world. About 5,000 people die every year in
this country as the result of fire, and another 25,500 are injured.
About 100 firefighters are
killed annually in duty-related incidents. Each year, fire kills
more Americans than all natural disasters combined. Fire is the
third leading cause of accidental death in the home; at least 80 percent
of all fire deaths occur in residences.
More than 2 million fires
are reported each year. Many others go unreported, causing additional
injuries and property loss. Direct property loss due to fires is
estimated at $9.4 billion annually.
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Fire Prevention and Safety
Are you and your family prepared?
Keep a fire extinguisher
in your home and car, and read the directions.
before attempting to attack the fire yourself, no matter how small
the fire seems.
Remember that lives are
much more valuable than property. If
you're out of the building, STAY OUT!
Don't smoke in bed.
Don't leave your cigarettes
or other lit smoking materials
- Keep ashtrays away from curtains,
upholstered furniture, and other combustibles.
for the Underwriters Laboratory (UL) or Factory
Mutual (FM) labels when purchasing appliances, storage containers or
Remember that smoke, heat and
toxic gases from fires can kill you long before flames get to your
part of the structure.
KEEP LOW when evacuating.
IS YOUR NUMBER UP?
Do you have a number on the front of
your house? Can the number be seen easily from the street during
the day and night? This is very important in case the police, the
driver of a fire truck or ambulance needs to find your house
quickly. House numbers can be purchased at a low cost from a
Class "A" Extinguishers
For fires in ordinary combustible materials such as wood, paper and
textiles where a quenching, cooling effect is required.
Class "B" Extinguishers
For flammable liquid and gas fires, such as oil, gasoline, paint and
grease where oxygen exclusion or flame interruption is essential.
Class "C" Extinguishers
For fires involving electrical wiring and equipment where the
non-conductivity of the extinguishing agent is essential. This type of
extinguisher should be present wherever functional testing and system
energizing takes place.
Designed for use on flammable metals.
Type 1: The extinguishing
agent for type 1 Class D is Sodium Chloride. The type 1 Class D
extinguisher is effective at controlling magnesium, sodium, potassium,
sodium potassium alloys, uranium, and powdered aluminum metal fires.
Type 2: The extinguishing
agent for type 2 Class D is a copper based dry powder. The copper
compounds smother the fire and provides an excellent heat sink for
dissipating the heat of the fire.
Portable extinguishers are
classified according to their capacity for handling specific types of fires.
Fire extinguishers must be readily accessible, properly maintained, regularly inspected.
is estimated that over 40 percent of residential fires and three-fifths
of residential fatalities occur in homes with no smoke alarms. In the
early 1970’s, the cost of protecting a three bedroom home with
professionally installed alarms was approximately $l000; today the cost
of owner-installed alarms in the same house has come down to as little
as $10 per alarm, or less than $50 for the entire home.
DETECTORS SAVE LIVES
All seasoned fire fighters have heard
the explanation, "The smoke detector woke me up. I was able to wake the
rest of the family and get them out just ahead of the fire." A smoke
detector is the best early fire detection device available to the
average homeowner. Here are some answers to questions commonly asked
about smoke detectors.
detector may be purchased at most retail stores for prices ranging
from $5 to $20.
battery powered and house current powered smoke detectors do a good
job. Make sure the one you choose has been tested by a nationally
recognized testing laboratory.
should be at least one detector on every floor of the house except
attics, unless the attic space is used for sleeping. Additional
detectors will increase the chance of early detection.
detectors should be placed near bedrooms either on the ceiling--at
least 6 to 12 inches away from wall--or on the wall, 6--12 inches
down from the ceiling. This allows the detector to sense the smoke
as it approaches the sleeping area.
operated detectors can be attached directly to the ceiling or wall.
Wired-in electric detectors are somewhat more difficult to install
and may require an electrician.
detector at least monthly by pushing the test button. Once a year
vacuum the dust from alarm air vents. Battery operated detectors
should have the battery replaced each year or when the low battery
warning sounds. Select a memorable date such as a holiday or a
family birthday to remind you to replace the batteries in your smoke
detectors at that time.
practice drills with the whole family so they will know what to do
if your detector ever alerts you of an emergency.
a smoke detector on each level of your home.
Never remove a good battery or otherwise
disable the detectors.
Know what to do after a detector sounds off.
a home escape route in the event of a fire.
Carbon Monoxide Detectors
Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC) reports that approximately
200 people per year are killed by accidental CO poisoning with an
additional 5000 people injured.
Frequently Asked Questions
About Carbon Monoxide Detectors
What is carbon monoxide
(CO) and why do I need a carbon monoxide detector?
Carbon monoxide is a colorless, odorless, tasteless
and toxic gas produced as a by-product of combustion. Any fuel burning
appliance, vehicle, tool or other device has the potential to produce
dangerous levels of carbon monoxide gas. Examples of carbon monoxide
producing devices commonly in use around the home include:
Fuel fired furnaces (non-electric)
Gas water heaters
Fireplaces and woodstoves
Lawnmowers, snowblowers and other yard equipment
The Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC)
reports that approximately 200 people per year are killed by accidental
CO poisoning with an additional 5000 people injured. These deaths and
injuries are typically caused by improperly used or malfunctioning
equipment aggravated by improvements in building construction which
limit the amount of fresh air flowing in to homes and other structures.
While regular maintenance and inspection of gas
burning equipment in the home can minimize the potential for exposure to
CO gas, the possibility for some type of sudden failure resulting in a
potentially life threatening build up of gas always exists.
What are the medical
effects of carbon monoxide and how do I recognize them?
Carbon monoxide inhibits the blood's ability to carry
oxygen to body tissues including vital organs such as the heart and
brain. When CO is inhaled, it combines with the oxygen carrying
hemoglobin of the blood to form carboxyhemoglobin. Once combined with
the hemoglobin, that hemoglobin is no longer available for transporting
oxygen. How quickly the carboxyhemoglobin builds up is a factor of the
concentration of the gas being inhaled (measured in parts per million or
PPM) and the duration of the exposure. Compounding the effects of the
exposure is the long half-life of carboxyhemoglobin in the blood.
Half-life is a measure of how quickly levels return to normal. The
half-life of carboxyhemoglobin is approximately 5 hours. This means that
for a given exposure level, it will take about 5 hours for the level of
carboxyhemoglobin in the blood to drop to half its current level after
the exposure is terminated.
Symptoms and Medical Consequences
Heavy smokers can have as much as 9% COHb.
serious headache. Fairly quick recovery after
treatment with oxygen and/or fresh
intensify. Potential for long term effects
especially in the case of infants, children, the
victims of heart disease and
IF YOUR CARBON DIOXIDE
DETECTOR ACTIVATES, CALL 911 IMMEDIATELY
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Fire Safety For Children
North America, children die or are seriously hurt in fires twice as
often as adults. Teach your children the importance of fire safety at an
Don't let your children play with fire. Children are fascinated by fire.
They don't understand the danger of playing with matches and lighters.
Always keep matches and lighters away from children. Store them up high,
preferably in a locked cabinet. Keep matches and lighters out of the
reach of children.
Tell your children if they find matches or
Teach your children that:
lighters are not toys and are dangerous;
fire can hurt
them and destroy things;
once a fire is
started it is difficult to control;
lighters should only be used by adults.
Stop, Drop and
Practice the Stop, Drop and Roll movements with your children. This
could save their lives if their clothes ever caught on fire. Have your
children pretend that their clothes are on fire. Then tell them to:
- Get them to stop where they are, and stop what they are doing.
- Get them to drop to the floor as quickly as possible.
- Have them cover their face with their hands, then roll over and
over until the flames are out.
Plan to Get Out
children see smoke or fire they often respond by trying to hide, for
example in a closet, or under a bed. Tell your children that they cannot
hide from fire but they can escape if they follow a few simple rules.
Prepare a home
fire escape plan with your children.
drills at least twice a year with your children.
children different ways to get out of every room.
Make sure your
children know how to get out of their home. Show them how to unlock
doors and windows.
In an apartment,
your children need to know which stairways will get them out of the
children never to take the elevator during a fire.
Decide on a
planned meeting area outside the home as part of your home fire
Never go back
into a burning building!
Get out, stay out and
children the Fire Department phone number,
Call the Fire
Department from a neighbor's phone.
Crawl Low Under
smoke rises, so
cleaner, cooler air is near the floor;
to get down on
their hands and knees and crawl low under the smoke to the nearest
Make sure children
know what a smoke alarm is. Children must know:
warn them if a fire starts;
to get out of
the house immediately when they hear the sound of the smoke alarm;
are not toys and should not be played with. Show your child how
important smoke alarms are by testing your smoke alarm every month
and changing the battery at least once a year.
Lynbrook Fire Department Speakers Bureau
The Lynbrook Fire Department has a speakers
bureau that is available on request by any organization, school or
association in the village. This bureau can provide a speaker covering
such topics but not limited to: Fire Prevention and Safety, EMS
Education and Baby Sitting Safety. You can request a guest speaker for
your organization by calling 599-1410.
Fire Inspection of Commercial &
The Lynbrook Fire Department
is charged with the responsibility of inspecting commercial
establishments in the village for fire safety code violations. The
Lynbrook F.D. will also inspect residential homes at the owners request.
There are no fees for inspections. You may contact our fire
inspectors office by filling out the form below or calling 599-1410, be
sure to leave a message if the office is unoccupied and someone will
return your call shortly.
Contact The Fire Prevention Office
request an inspection, report a potential fire hazard, make a
comment regarding fire inspections, or request a guest speaker, call
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Source of the Facts and
statistics on this page is the USFA